|KEY WORD : architecture / aristocratic dwellings, folk dwellings|
| 1 A
rectangular window used in exterior walls, fitted with thick horizontal
timber bars *koushi 格子. Used in Monoyama and Edo periods castle structures, ancillary row-houses
*nagaya 長屋 surrounding
residences of feudal lords daimyou yashiki 大名屋敷, the offices of administrative
officials, and the gatehouses nagayamon 長屋門 and other service structures
of the homes of local headmen shouya 庄屋. It generally resembled the
*mushamado 武者窓 in
form and function, but differed from the latter in having horizontal rather
than vertical timber bars, longer but fewer in number than in a mushamado of corresponding dimensions. The wooden bars and the window surround
might be plastered or unplastered.
2 In the Edo period, yoriki 与力 was a term for samurai 侍 who served as a police officer under the direction of a bugyou 奉行 of daikan 代官.
nagayamon 長屋門：Old Andou 安藤 house (Yamanashi)
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