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yaseonna@‘‰—
KEY WORD :@art history / sculptures
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A noh mask *noumen ”\–Ê representing the suffering spirit of a woman who dies from problems in a love relationship. *Nou ”\ tradition has it that the mask was first conceived of for the role of the Princess Shokushi Ž®Žq, who died shortly after an illicit affair with Fujiwara Teika “¡Œ´’è‰Æ. Teika's spirit becomes a vine suffocatingly winding itself around her grave. With the help of prayers, she finally finds salvation.
A variation of *ryouonna —쏗, yaseonna has a pitiful plight calling for sympathy; her greater passivity is seen particularly in the lack of gold or red in the eyes. The prominent bones form a tense triangle above the sunken cheeks, at times angularly sculpted, at times with rounded edges. The eyes stare down listlessly from a bone-ridged hollow. Still a gentle elegance pervades the mask, a soft tragic expression that validates the final salvation. The choice of ryouonna or yaseonna for a given performance of TEIKA ’è‰Æ, MOTOMEZUKA ‹’Ë (The Sought for Grave) or KINUTA ‹m (Fulling Block), reflects the actor's interpretation of the role. It can also be used for old woman in the first half of plays like KUROZUKA •’Ë (also ADACHIGAHARA ˆÀ’Bƒ–Œ´) . The 15c carver Himi •XŒ© (see *jissaku \ì ) is known for his fine yaseonna masks; a good example can be found in the Tokugawa “¿ì Art Museum, Aichi prefecture, dated to the 16c and traditionally attributed to Echi Yoshifune ‰z’q‹gM.
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REFERENCES:
*onnamen —–Ê, *komachi ¬’¬, *higakionna •OŠ_—, *uba ‰W, *roujo ˜V—@
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NOTES
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