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yakusha ehon@–ðŽÒŠG–{
KEY WORD :@art history / paintings
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Lit. picture books illustrating actors. Books that bound together actor prints but also included theater and the stage scenes. A famous early example of this type of picture book, dated 1639 and attributed to Torii Kiyonobu ’¹‹´M (1664-1729), is entitled Kokon Shibai Irokurabe Hyakunin-isshu ŒÃ¡Žlê‹F‹£•SlˆêŽñ (Beauty Contest of One Hundred Actors of All Ages). Yet it was really the popularity of the 1770 picture book of actor portraits entitled Ehon Butai Ougi ŠG–{•‘‘äî (Picture Book of Stage Scenes in Fan Format) jointly produced by Ippitsusai Bunchou ˆê•MÖ•¶’²(act. 1760-1800) and Katsukawa Shunshou ŸìtÍ (1726-1792) which represented the catalyst for the expansion of the genre. In the Kyoto and Osaka regions, Nichousai's Ž¨’¹Ö work of 1780 entitled Ehon Mizu ya Sora ŠG–{…‚â‹ó (Picture Book of Water and Sky), and Suifutei's ‰•€’à work of 1782 entitled Suifutei gigafu ‰•€’à‹Y‰æ•ˆ (Suifutei's Caricature Book) were the prototypes of that area's characteristic actor picture books known as kamigata yakusha ehon ã•û–ðŽÒŠG–{. Early yakusha ehon represented actors on stage or dressed in costumes, but later, as the popularity of theatre itself and curiosity about individual actors increased, prints depicted actors off-stage in genre settings and back-stage. They also illustrated the inner workings of the theater itself; for example, Shunshou's Yakusha natsu no Fuji –ðŽÒ‰Ä‚Ì•xŽm of 1712 depicts actors off-stage and Shoukousai Hanbee's ¼DÖ”¼•º‰q Gijougakuya zue ‹YêŠy‰®}‰ï of 1800 illustrates all aspects of the theater.
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(C)2001 Japanese Architecture and Art Net Users System.@No reproduction or republication without written permission.
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