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wajou@˜`é
KEY WORD :@architecture / castles
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A Japanese castle. Refers to 25 castles constructed in various regions of Korea by the Japanese forces during the Bunroku •¶˜\ -Keichou Œc’· war (1592-97)Aduring the Japanese Momoyama period. Many were built on the coast for easy sea access: several were located in the Pusan Š˜ŽR area in S.E. Korea. The castle plans and surviving ruins indicate that the castles had a main compound *honmaru –{ŠÛ, second compound *ni-no-maru “ñ‚ÌŠÛ, and third compound san-no-maru ŽO‚ÌŠÛ. Wajou also had moats, ramparts, stone walls, parapets, gates, including two-story gates, towers *yagura ˜E, row houses *nagaya ’·‰®; all features that were important in castles built in Japan. A surviving record entitled OOKOUCHI MONOGATARI ‘å‰Í“à•¨Œê provides details about Urusan ‰UŽR Castle, in S.E. Korea. It shows three compounds with a large outer moat and several gateways. Castle ¼¶‰Yé in Ryosan —ÀŽR province is unusual in that it is built on a 200m high hill which is completely surrounded in Korean style by a stone-faced wall *ishigaki ÎŠ_.
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(C)2001 Japanese Architecture and Art Net Users System.@No reproduction or republication without written permission.
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