@
usuya@‰P‰®
KEY WORD :@architecture / folk dwellings
@
1@A small-scale freestanding structure containing a mortar or handmill, usu ‰P, for pounding rice. Perhaps the earliest such structures to be recorded were the usuya of the *daijoukyuu ‘另‹{, the temporary complex erected in connection with the imperial investiture ceremonies marking the beginning of a new emperor's reign. According to descriptions dating from the Jougan ’åŠÏ era (859-77), they were a pair of thatched buildings, 3 bays by 1 bay, one each in the northern part of the service compounds of the Suki-in ŽåŠî‰@ and the Yuki-in —IŠî‰@. Usuya were a common type of ancillary structure associated with farmhouses nouka ”_‰Æ. From the late Edo period, usuya were often built adjacent to a stream, and a water wheel suisha …ŽÔ, was used to power the usu.

2@In the vernacular houses *minka –¯‰Æ, of Hachijoujima ”ªä“‡, a freestanding structure, separate from the main house, which functioned as a kitchen *suijiba †Ž–ê, in addition to housing an handmill.

3@In minka in Shizuoka and Gifu prefectures, a part of the earthfloored area *doma “yŠÔ, so called because the mortar or handmill usu was installed there.

4@An alternative term for *usuniwa ‰P’ë.
@
@

@
REFERENCES:
@
EXTERNAL LINKS: 
@@
NOTES
@

(C)2001 Japanese Architecture and Art Net Users System.@No reproduction or republication without written permission.
ŒfÚ‚̃eƒLƒXƒgEŽÊ^EƒCƒ‰ƒXƒg‚ȂǁA‘S‚ẴRƒ“ƒeƒ“ƒc‚Ì–³’f•¡»E“]Ú‚ð‹Ö‚¶‚Ü‚·B
@