|KEY WORD : art history / paintings|
|A small-sized preliminary sketch undertaken by an artist expressly at the request of a patron. These sketches may be considerably altered after consultation with the patron to suit his ideas or taste, and after they are approved, they are then returned to the artist and made into larger, more formal sketches called *shita-e 下絵. In the case of large commissions such as wall or sliding door paintings, the entire project is not usually painted solely by the artist commissioned to do the work. The coloring or the addition of gold leaf may be worked on by pupils in the artist's studio. However, because ukagai shita-e are generally thought to represent the original compositions drawn by the major artist himself, extant examples, such as those of Edojou Honmaru 江戸城本丸, are considered valuable and important indications of the artist's talent and artistic vision.|
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