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Uhou douji@‰J•ó“¶Žq
KEY WORD :@art history / iconography
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An abbreviation of Kongou sekishou zenshin uhou douji ‹à„Ô¸‘P_‰J•ó“¶Žq. A manifestation of the Buddha *Dainichi ‘å“ú and a *honjibutsu –{’n•§ of the Sun Goddess, Amaterasu Oomikami “VÆ‘å_, a female god believed to bring good fortune and to protect against natural disasters. Her name also suggests that she was worshipped as a deity who brought needed rain. Uhou douji is said to have been the form in which Amaterasu Oomikami came down to earth from heaven. representations in art resemble the female deity *Kichijouten ‹gË“V, usually with a *gorintou ŒÜ—Ö“ƒ (five-ring pagoda) on her head, a vajra staff kongou houbou ‹à„•ó–_ in her right hand, and a jewel *houju •óŽì in her left hand. She may stand on a white tanuki ’K (raccoon). She may, along with one of the Dragon Kings (see *ryuu —´), accompany *Kannon ŠÏ‰¹. There are few examples of Uhou douji dating from before the mid-14c. The earliest sculptural example from Kongoushouji ‹à„ØŽ› in Mie prefecture, is thought to have been be made in the Kamakura period although there are many traces of later restorations. The statue of Uhou douji in Hasedera ’·’JŽ› in Nara, is called Sekishou douji Ô¸“¶Žq and is paired with Nanda ryuuou “ï‘É—³‰¤ (a honjibutsu of Kasuga daimyoujin t“ú‘å–¾_) as an attendant to *Juuichimen Kannon \ˆê–ʊω¹ (Eleven-headed Kannon).
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