|KEY WORD : architecture / folk dwellings|
| 1 A rudimentary
thatched dwelling hut or ancillary structure with a gable *kirizuma
切妻 roof constructed in Yamanashi, Nagano, Shizuoka, Chiba, and Miyagi prefectures
and in areas of the Kinki 近畿 district during the Edo period. The structure had no
vertical side walls because the roof came down to the ground like a tent. It was
constructed without beams *hari
梁 but had instead a ridge purlin *munagi
棟木 that was supported directly by ridge posts *munamochibashira
棟持柱 called *udatsu 卯立, reaching to ground level. These posts, from which the udatsuya derived
their names, were often earthfast *hottate
掘建て. Udatsuya, written 有立家, are mentioned in the document KASUU KAKIAGECHOU
家数書上帳, 1773 that records the dwellings in the village of Fukuzawa 福沢 near Lake
Suwa 諏訪. While the document does not say so explicitly, it is likely that udatsuya
represented the lowest status of dwelling, since unlike the other categories,
their dimensions are not recorded. Referred to as odatsukoya おだつ小屋 in parts
of Niigata prefecture.
2 A vernacular house *minka 民家 with gable parapets *udatsu 卯立, at either end of the roof in the Kinki district from the late Muromachi period. The term was restricted to the houses of local officials, free peasants, honbyakushou 本百姓, and senior householders.
(C)2001 Japanese Architecture and Art Net Users System. No reproduction or republication without written permission.