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tsuiji@’z’n
KEY WORD :@architecture / general terms
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Also called tsuijibei ’z’n•»; tsuigaki ’zŠ_ or ’zšÔ. A formal style fence made by pounding a mixture of mud and clay between wooden frames, seki-ita ‰”Â. The process used to make a fence tsuiji, is called *hanchiku ”Å’z. Slanted posts *subashira {’Œ, are set 1.8m-2m apart so that the fence as seen in cross section is broader at the base than at the top. The horizontal timbers that run between these posts are called jougisuji ’è‹K‹Ø. The posts at each end are called kaigatabashira ŠLŒ`’Œ. Usually, a tiled *kawara Š¢, gable roof *kirizuma yane ØÈ‰®ª, is constructed on top of the most formal type of fence. Cypress bark *hiwadabuki •O”畘, roofing was sometimes used. Mud fences without a wooden framework or a roof but reinforced with broken rock tiles, are called *dobei “y•». Sometimes boards were used to cover the top of a simple mud fence. These are called agetsuchi tsuiji ã“y’z’n. Sujibei ‹Ø•» are fences decorated with tile fragments and white lines, placed near the joints of the boards that support the pounded mud-clay. Five parallel white plaster lines signify nobility and monzeki ji-in –åÕŽ›‰@, temples to which a member of the imperial family has retired. A *neribei —û•» fence is constructed with alternate layers of dried clay bricks and kneaded mud. It is sometimes made of boards with only the front side plastered. A large tsuiji is called *oogaki ‘åŠ_. The earliest extant tsuiji dates from the Kamakura period. An example exists at Nishi no Miya Jinja ¼‹{_ŽÐ in Hyougo prefecture.
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sujibei ‹Ø•» :Engakuji ‰~ŠoŽ› (Kanagawa)


Engakuji ‰~ŠoŽ› (Kanagawa)


Zoujouji ‘ãŽ› (Tokyo)

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