@
Tougudou@“Œ‹“°
KEY WORD :@architecture / buildings & structures
@
Lit. east seeking hall. A small building at Jishouji ŽœÆŽ›, also popularly known as Ginkakuji ‹âŠtŽ› (1485), Kyoto, built by Ashikaga Yoshimasa ‘«—˜‹`­ (1436-90) on his Higashiyama estate, Higashiyamadono “ŒŽR“a. The entire plan was never carried out because he died in 1490 before it was finished. Two of the buildings remain today, the Tougudou and the Ginkaku ‹âŠt. The Tougudou is about 7m square and built as a private worship hall *jibutsudou Ž•§“°. It is a single-storied structure with hip and gable roof *irimoya-zukuri “ü•ê‰®‘¢, and a cypress bark roof *hiwadabuki •O”畘. It is divided into four rooms. The first room contains the Buddhist altar *butsudan •§’d, and is the largest room. It is centered at the wall exactly opposite the double paneled doors *sangarado ŽV“‚ŒË, that open out toward the garden. The second room, to the east of this room, is a long narrow four mat room called ni-no-ma “ñ‚ÌŠÔ. It opens into a 4 1/2 mat room called Doujinsai “¯mÖ. Along the north wall is a desk-like space with sliding panels that open to a scenic view. To the left is a 1/2 bay space for staggered shelving. It is believed that this arrangement is the oldest extant arrangement of a desk in front of the window, tsukeshoin •t‘‰@, and an alcove for staggered shelves *chigaidana ˆá‚¢’I. During a dismantling repair in 1965, the remains of a hearth were discovered in the Doujinsai. Since its age could not be determined, it was not reconstructed. The room to the left of the Doujinsai is called the third room san-no-ma ŽO‚ÌŠÔ. It is a large empty space separated from the Doujinsai by removable sliding opaque screens *fusuma ‰¦. That Ashikaga Yoshimasa and his contemporaries enjoyed drinking green tea in the Doujinsai and san-no-ma is certain. Thus, this 4 1/2 mat room may have been a precursor to the development of the tea ceremony. Tea aestheticism began with Takeno Jouou •–ìÐ‰¨ (1504-55) and then developed by Sen Rikyuu ç—˜‹x (1522-91), a pupil of Jouou.
@
@

@
REFERENCES:
*shoin-zukuri ‘‰@‘¢@
EXTERNAL LINKS: 
@@
NOTES
@

(C)2001 Japanese Architecture and Art Net Users System.@No reproduction or republication without written permission.
ŒfÚ‚̃eƒLƒXƒgEŽÊ^EƒCƒ‰ƒXƒg‚ȂǁA‘S‚ẴRƒ“ƒeƒ“ƒc‚Ì–³’f•¡»E“]Ú‚ð‹Ö‚¶‚Ü‚·B
@