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KEY WORD :@art history / paintings
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Ch: taoyuantu. Paintings depicting the Chinese story Peach Blossom Spring (Ch:Taohuayuanji, Jp:Toukagenki “‰ÔŒ¹‹L) made famous by the poet *Tou Enmei “©•£–¾ (Ch: Tao Yuanming; 365-427). The fable describes a fisherman from Wuling (Jp: Buryou •—Ë) who was boating along a stream when he saw a thick grove of fragrant peach trees. When he stopped to enjoy the blossoms, the fisherman discovered a mysterious spring and cave which he passed through to find an ideal place complete with cool ponds, bountiful fields and groves, farm animals, cheerful children and contented elders. The villagers were so isolated from contemporary affairs that they had yet to hear of the dynastic change from the Han to the Jin. After staying in this beautiful place for several days, the fisherman left with every intention of returning, but was never able to find the cave entrance again. The story's hold on the popular imagination made it a favorite subject of poets and painters in China and Japan. Paintings of "Peach Blossom Spring" typically show either the fisherman entering the peach tree-covered cave or scenes of the well-kept village and its inhabitants. Notable Japanese paintings of the former type include a hanging scroll by Mochizuki Gyokusen –]ŒŽ‹Êì (1693-1755) based on a Chinese printed book. Paintings of the later type include works by Gakuou Šx‰¥ (act. 1486-1514), Yosa Buson —^ŽÓ•“‘º (1716-84) and Matsumura Goushun ¼‘ºŒàt (1752-1811; Touyama Kinenkan ‰“ŽR‹L”OŠÙ).
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(C)2001 Japanese Architecture and Art Net Users System.@No reproduction or republication without written permission.
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