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Tori youshiki@Ž~—˜—lŽ®
KEY WORD :@art history / sculptures
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A style of sculpture represented by the work of the 7c sculptor known as Tori busshi Ž~—˜•§Žt. Tori was believed to be the grandson of Chinese immigrant artist Shiba Tatsuto Ži”n’B“™. Tori was also the head of a group of craftsmen originally from China called kuratsukuri-be ˆÆì•”. His style was strongly influenced by Northern Wei dynasty statuary such as the Lungmen rock carvings (Jp: Ryuumon sekkutsu —³–åÎŒA, 5-6c). A good example of Tori's work is the Shaka triad Shaka sanzonzou Žß‰ÞŽO‘¸‘œ (623) in Houryuuji *Kondou –@—²Ž›‹à“°, Nara. The statues are made of gilt bronze, and have wide-open eyes with clearly delineated lids *kyouninkei ˆÇmŒ`. The lips are slightly upturned in an expression known as the archaic smile, or kosetsu ŒÃÙ, and the Shaka's robe falls in angular, stylized waves. Tori youshiki was very influential in the 6-7c, and various extant works in the same style are believed to have been made by members of Tori's school Toriha Ž~—˜”h or his descendants. A well-known work is the *Guze Kannon ‹~¢ŠÏ‰¹ (gilt-wood) in Houryuuji *Yumedono –@—²Ž›–²“a showing characteristic facial features and formalized symmetrical drapery (date and artist unknown).
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(C)2001 Japanese Architecture and Art Net Users System.@No reproduction or republication without written permission.
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