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tamagaki@‹ΚŠ_
CATEGORY:@architecture / general terms
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The generic term for a fence surrounding the square or rectangular space containing the main sanctuary *shouden ³“a, of a Shinto shrine or Imperial Palace. Although the fence may sometimes be made of stone, wood fences are the most common. The various kinds of timber employed and the different ways of arranging the fence-boards have given the fences descriptive names. For example an unpeeled or unstripped timber fence is called kuroki-no-tamagaki •–Ψ‚Μ‹ΚŠ_; a roughly finished board fence is itatamagaki ”Β‹ΚŠ_; a squared timber fence is kakutamagaki Šp‹ΚŠ_; a vermilion fence is shutamagaki Žι‹ΚŠ_; a squared lattice fence *kakugoushi tamagaki ŠpŠiŽq‹ΚŠ_; a fence made of vertically set thin strips of bamboo or wood is called *tatehigo tamagaki ’Gβά‹ΚŠ_; and a diagonally placed lattice fence is called sujikaigoushi tamagaki ‹ΨˆαŠiŽq‹ΚŠ_. In the ancient and medieval eras roofing was not added to the fence but from the premodern period onward, the fence became more elaborate, and often included a roof, grilles installed between posts and wainscots. One such example is the fence of the Worship Hall, Haiden ”q“a, at Nikkou Toushouguu “ϊŒυ“ŒΖ‹{, Tochigi prefecture. At Ise Jinguu ˆΙ¨_‹{, Mie prefecture, the sacred precinct of the inner sanctuary, Naikuu “ΰ‹{, is enclosed by four fences. From the outermost inward, they are itagaki ”ΒŠ_, sototamagaki ŠO‹ΚŠ_, uchitamagaki “ΰ‹ΚŠ_ and *mizugaki Š_. If the mizugaki is a barrier of trees surrounding a natural area within which a deity dwells, it may also be written βߊ_ or …Š_.
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kakutamagaki Šp‹ΚŠ_FNezu Jinja ͺ’Ð_ŽΠ (Tokyo)

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REFERENCES:
*kaki Š_.
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NOTES
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