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Taizou zuzou@‘Ù‘ }‘œ
KEY WORD :@art history / iconography
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A collection of iconographical line drawings *hakubyou ”’•` in handscroll form reflecting a primitive form of the *Taizoukai mandara ‘Ù‘ ŠE™Ö䶗…. The original version brought from China to Japan by Enchin ‰~’¿ (814-91) has been lost, and the copies kept at the Nara National Museum (2 fasc.) and Daitoukyuu ‘å“Œ‹} Library (fasc. 1 only) date from 1194 and 1274 respectively. It is considered to derive from the traditions of Shanwuwei (Jp: Zenmui ‘P–³ˆØ; Sk: Subhakarasimha ;637-735), who introduced to China the Esoteric Buddhism mikkyou –§‹³ of the DAINICHIKYOU ‘å“úŒo (Sk:Vairocanabhisambodhi sutra/Mahavairocana sutra; Taishou No.848 ), and it reflects an early form of the Taizoukai mandara predating the development of the *Genzu mandara Œ»}™Ö䶗…. The complete version kept at Nara National Museum depicts 324 deities, almost three times as many as the approximately 120 deities mentioned in the DAINICHIKYOU. It has been shown by Ishida Hisatoyo Î“c®–L that the additional deities were taken primarily from the FUKUUKENJAKU JINPENSHINGONKYOU •s‹ó㮍õ_•Ï^Œ¾Œo (Taishou No.1092) and ICHIJIBUTCHOU RINNOUKYOU ˆêŽš•§’¸—Ö‰¤Œo (Taishou No.951), and since the majority of these were also incorporated into the Genzu mandara, the Taizou zuzou represents a valuable source of material for clarifying the evolution of the Genzu mandara. Because it was carefully preserved as a rare work brought to Japan by Enchin and not generally made public, it exerted little influence on subsequent Buddhist iconography in Japan, but in recent years it has been confirmed that a number of its illustrations were copied in other works.
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