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taishidou@‘¾Žq“°
KEY WORD :@architecture / buildings & structures
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A hall either dedicated to Shoutoku Taishi ¹“¿‘¾Žq (c 574-622), the second son of Emperor Youmei —p–¾ (reigned 585- 87), or a building that houses a statue or painting of Shoutoku Taishi (see *Shoutoku Taishizou ¹“¿‘¾Žq‘œ). One example, the Taishidou at Kakurinji ’ß—ÑŽ› (1112) in Hyougo prefecture, is a 3~3 bay structure with a *magobisashi ‘·›ù, an enclosed 1-bay deep aisle that extends beyond the front aisle *hisashi ›ù. The overall dimensions are 8.51m~6.38m. Steps lead to the main entrance on the west side and double paneled doors *karahafu “‚”j•—, open into the extended aisle. The floor is a step lower than the main part of the building and is called the *raidou —ç“°, the place for worshippers. Heavy board-backed lattice screens called *shitomido ŽÁŒË are divided horizontally to open and fill the remaining bays of the west side and across the front. Originally, the east side had openings, but now is a solid plank wall. An open boarded veranda surrounds the entire building but it is at a lower level around the magobisashi. The main building has bracket complexes composed of a large bearing block into which a bracket arm *daito hijiki ‘å“l•I–Ø, is set. There are double eaves *futanoki “ñŒ¬, and the rafters are closely spaced *shigedaruki ”ɐ‚–Ø. The magobisashi has chamfered square posts, boat-shaped bracket arms, *funahijiki M•I–Ø, single eaves *hitonoki ˆêŒ¬, and widely spaced rafters *mabaradaruki ‘a‚–Ø. The roof over the main part is pyramidal *hougyou-zukuri •óŒ`‘¢, and the long extended roof and bargeboards, nagarehafu —¬”j•—, reach from the corners of the pyramidal roof to culminate in a deep eave over the front veranda. The roof is covered with cypress bark *hiwadabuki •O”畘. The interior plan consists of a 1-bay core *moya •ê‰®, with four circular pillars *shitenbashira Žl“V’Œ, marking the moya area. The rear two are *raigoubashira —ˆŒ}’Œ and the wall that stretches between them is called *raigoukabe —ˆŒ}•Ç. Raigou refers to the descent of the Amida Buddha from his paradise in order to take up the souls of the deceased. A single-bay deep aisle, hisashi, runs around the core. Both the core and the magobisashi have finely-latticed and coffered ceilings *kogumi goutenjou ¬‘gŠi“Vˆä. Originally, the magobisashi had an open ceiling *keshou yaneura ‰»Ï‰®ª— . Formally, the taishidou was called *hokkedou –@‰Ø“° and is the oldest extant taishidou of that type.
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(C)2001 Japanese Architecture and Art Net Users System.@No reproduction or republication without written permission.
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