|KEY WORD : art history / paintings|
|Small-scale, close-up painting of landscapes. The scenes generally depict misty fields and rivers or lakes and may also include water fowl, cranes or geese. This small-scale style of painting developed in China during the Tang period and continued as a component of the monumental landscape style of the Northern Sung period. At this time individual scenes were freed from their large-scale surroundings and employed independently as paintings. Famous painters of shoukeiga in China were Hui-chong (Jp: E Suu 恵崇; 965-1017) and the slightly later Zhao Ling-ran (Jp: Chou Reijou 趙令穣; active 1070-1100). There are also small scene bird and flower paintings shoukei kachou 小景花鳥, small scene ink bamboo painting *bokuchiku 墨竹, and small scene deer and monkey paintings shouen しょう猿.|
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