@
Shichibutsu Yakushi@t
KEY WORD :@art history / iconography
@
Lit. seven Buddhas of healing. Seven manifestations of *Yakushi t or the Master of Healing, said to reside in realms to the east of our world. They were thought to be efficacious in appeasing the revengeful spirits of fallen political figures implicated in social calamities. The names in Japanese are as follows (in order of progressive distance from our world): Zenmyoushou kichijouou P̋gˉ, Hougatsu chigon kouon jizaiou 󌎒q݉, Konjiki houkou myougyou jouju FsA, Muyu saishou kichijou Jŏg, Hokkai raion @C, Hokkai shoue yuge jinzuu @CaVY_, and Yakushi rurikou tڗ (this last corresponding to the full name of Yakushi). First mentioned in the fourth and latest extant Chinese translation in 707 of the YAKUSHIKYOU to (Sk:Bhaisajyaguru-sutra, or Scripture of the Master of Healing) a text devoted to the cult of the Buddha Yakushi. In Japan they are represented either by seven independent images or, more frequently, by six or seven figurines attached to the halo of Yakushi sculptures. Popularity and worship of the Seven peaked in the late 8c and 9c. Today the ritual service dedicated to them Shichibutsu Yakushi-no-hou t̖@; first recorded to have been performed by Tendai prelate Ennin ~m in 850 survives only in the Tendai V sect, where it is counted as one of the four major rituals shika daihou lӑ@ of the "Mountain School" Sanmon R or Mt. Hiei b branch.
@
@

@
REFERENCES:
@
EXTERNAL LINKS: 
@@
NOTES
@

(C)2001 Japanese Architecture and Art Net Users System.@No reproduction or republication without written permission.
fڂ̃eLXgEʐ^ECXgȂǁASẴRec̖fE]ڂւ܂B
@