|KEY WORD : art history / paintings|
|Ch:zhezhihua. Lit. cut-branch flowers. A type of highly idealized Chinese flower painting that focuses on a single spray of flowers or a blossoming tree branch, abstracting it from any natural context. The depiction is composed for maximum clarity, sacrificing absolute naturalism. Cut-branch flower paintings tend to be small, in contrast to the large-scale floral compositions of groups of trees, plants and flowers. The "cut-branch" composition is said to have originated with the Five Dynasties painter Xu Xi 徐煕 (Jp:Jo Ki, act.mid-10c), but is best known in the work of the Song painters Zhao Chang 趙昌 (Jp: Chou Shou, act. early 11c) and Li Di 李迪 (Jp: Ri Teki, act.late 12c), whose "Red and white Hibiscus" (Ch: Furongtu; Jp:Fuyou-zu 芙蓉図, 1197, Tokyo National Museum) is most famous. In Japan the type often was produced without the elaborate coloring of the Chinese versions. *sumi 墨 ink sesshika paintings of plum branches were particularly popular in Japan.|
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