|KEY WORD : art history / paintings|
|Ch:zhezhihua. Lit. cut-branch flowers. A type of highly idealized Chinese flower painting that focuses on a single spray of flowers or a blossoming tree branch, abstracting it from any natural context. The depiction is composed for maximum clarity, sacrificing absolute naturalism. Cut-branch flower paintings tend to be small, in contrast to the large-scale floral compositions of groups of trees, plants and flowers. The cut-branch composition is said to have originated with the Five Dynasties painter Xu Xi (Jp:Jo Ki 徐煕, act. mid-10c), but is best known in the work of the Song painters Zhao Chang (Jp: Chou Shou 趙昌, act. early 11c) and Li Di (Jp: Ri Teki 李迪, act. late 12c), whose Red and white Hibiscus, Fuyou-zu 芙蓉図 (Ch: Furongtu; 1197, Tokyo National Museum) is most famous. In Japan the type often was produced without the elaborate coloring of the Chinese versions. *Sumi 墨 ink sesshika paintings of plum branches were particularly popular in Japan.|
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