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Senbonzakura@{
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A pictorial subject in *ukiyo-e G taken from SENBONZAKURA (One Thousand Cherries), an epic *kabuki ̕ play set in the era of the Genpei wars (late 11c-12c). The play originates from the joururi ڗ YOSHITSUNE SENBONZAKURA `o{ written in 1742 by Takeda Izumo |co_. The play is based on legends surrounding the defeat of the Taira clan, in particular the legend that the general Minamoto no *Yoshitsune `o (1159-89) had allowed the Taira generals Koremori ې (1160-?), Tomomori m (1152-85), and Noritsune o (1160-85) to escape. The play opens with a skirmish at the Horikawa x palace between the forces of Minamoto no Yoritomo (1147-99) and his brother Yoshitsune who is accused of harboring Taira sympathies. Yoshitsune goes into hiding and in Act 2 at the shrine, Fushimi Inari , he says farewell to his lover Shizuka gozen ÌO, giving her a drum as a gift. Shizuka is later almost captured but is rescued by the wayward samurai Satou Tadanobu M who then becomes her protector. In Act 3, Shizuka and Tadanobu travel to Mt. *Yoshino g where they search for Yoshitsune. In Act 4 at the shipping agency of Tokaiya Ginpei nC╽, the merchant hides Yoshitsune from a supposed retainer of Yoritomo, but then Ginpei reveals that he is actually Tomomori. His plan to kill Yoshitsune in a sea battle fails and in Act 4 Yoshitsune's forces win the battle at the bay, Daimotsu-no-ura 啨Y, capture the child Emperor Antoku , and wound Tomomori. Tomomori asks Yoshitsune to look after the emperor and then throws himself into the sea. In Act 5, after the Taira defeat Koremori's wife Wakaba t, hiding in the hermitage in the northern Saga in Kyoto, narrowly evades discovery when the loyal retainer Kokingo hides Wakaba and her son Rokudaigimi ZN under a load of hats. They travel to Mt. Yoshino in Act 6 and as they rest under a tree, the local scoundrel Gonta tricks them out of money. Kokingo is killed in a fight in Act 7 and the sushi shop owner Yazaemon 퍶q, father of Gonta, discovers the body. In Act 8 at the Tsurube ޕr sushi shop, the beautiful daughter Osato plans to marry the refined-looking servant Yasuke 폕, actually Koremori who is sheltered by Yazaemon. When Wakaba and Rokudaigimi arrive Koremori reveals his identity. With a bakufu { (goverment) official in pursuit the three escape but Yazaemon is captured. Suddenly his son Gonta appears with two captives and the head of Koremori. In fact, the head is that of Kokingo and the captives are Gonta's own wife and child. The last scene takes place at the Kawatsura Hougen ͘A@ residence on Mt. Yoshino where Yoshitsune is hiding. Tadanobu arrives, relieved to find his master, but knows nothing of Shizuka's whereabouts. When Shizuka arrives she does not recognize Tadanobu, but when she plays her drum the "other" Tadanobu arrives. It is revealed that the Tadanobu who protected Shizuka is a fox spirit attached to Shizuka because her drum is made of the skin of his parents. Yoshitsune gives the fox the drum and a name, Genkurou gitsune Y, and then in return the animal reveals that Yoshitsune's supposed ally Kakuhan o is really the Heike commander Noritsune. When Noritsune arrives Yoshintsune spares his life and the two men agree to end the war between their clans. Most of the illustrations of the theme are shibai-e ŋG, depicting scenes from the kabuki theater. Because of the length of the play, favorite scenes were often excerpted and performed. For example, while illustrations of the entire play are known, the "Journey to Yoshino" Yoshinoyama Michiyuki gRs (Act 3), "Daimotsu Bay" Daimotsu-no-ura (Act 4), and the "Residence of Kawatsura Hougen" Kawatsura Hougen Yakata (Act 9) are most frequently depicted. In addition, prints of Senbonzakura were produced in the style of *uki-e G and *musha-e ҊG . There are notable prints by Utagawa Toyokuni ̐L (1769-1825), Kunisada (1786-1864), Kunichika (1834-1900), and Shunchou t.
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