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Sekiheki@Ô•Ç
KEY WORD :@ art history / paintings
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Ch: Chibi. Lit. Red Cliff. A painting subject of a peak in Hubei ŒÎ–k Province featured in the prose-poem The Red Cliff Ode (Ch: Chibifu, Jp: Sekihekifu Ô•Ç•Š) by the Northern Song poet Su Dongpo (1036-1101, Jp: *So Touba ‘h“Œš±, also known as Su Shi, Jp: So Shoku ‘hçg). The first part of the prose-poem describes a trip in the autumn of 1082 during which Su and a group of friends take a boat to the base of the Red Cliff, happily drinking wine and reciting poetry until one man begins to think sadly of the famous battle there, recounted in The History of The Three Kingdoms (Ch: Sanguozhi, Jp: SANGOKUSHI ŽO‘Žu). Su then counsels his friend on the evanescence of human life and the eternity of nature. The second part of the prose-poem takes place three months later when Su and his friends have another nocturnal drinking party at the Red Cliff. When his friends decline his suggestion to climb the cliff, So alone climbs to the top. At first exhilarated, he shouts out into the night, then feeling small and afraid, he hurries down to rejoin his friends. The "Red Cliff" was a favorite pictorial subject in the Southern Song Academy. The earliest extant version is a handscroll by Qiao Zhongchang (Jp: Kyou Chuujou ‹ª’‡í) in the Metropolitan Museum, New York. The theme was painted many times by later Chinese artists, notably the Suzhou ‘hB painters of the Ming dynasty, and in Japan by Southern school *nanga “ì‰æ painters of the Edo period.
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