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satsumayaki@F
KEY WORD :@ art history / crafts
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Satsuma ware. A general name for pottery and porcelain made in Satsuma and Oosumi in Shimazu fief (modern Kagoshima prefecture.). Shimazu Yoshihiro Ë`O (1535-1619), a disciple of Sen Rikyuu 痘x (1522-91) and daimyou 喼 of the Satsuma domain in southern Kyuushuu B, returned from Korea in 1598 with more than seventy Koreans including the potters Kinkai C (Japanese name Hoshiyama Chuuji R; 1569-1621), Houchuu F and Houchin F. The first kiln, built at Nawashirogawa c in around 1607, made simple utilitarian vessels with a glaze producing a mottled surface, a forerunner of the rich black glaze kuromon , characteristic of later satsumayaki. It also produced a white glaze shiromono ware. A second kiln of the Ryuumoji i style was built in Kajiki by Kawahara Juuzaemon 쌴\Eq, mainly to make mainly everyday wares. The third type of Satsuma ware, created at the Chousa kiln of the Tateno G school was of higher quality superior and most ko-chousa Ò (old Chousa) tea caddies and tea bowls were made there. In 1619 Kinkai was brought to Kagoshimajou where he built a Tateno style kiln; his descendants continued working there to the end of the Edo period. During the Kan'ei i era (1624-44) *sometsuke t (blue and white) and seiji Ž (celadon) were introduced. In the Keian c era (1648-52), a technique of brocade-pattern glazes, nishikide iroe юFG was introduced from Awataguchi c, Kyoto, and satsuma nishikide Fю (multi-colored Satsuma ware) was begun, producing a wide range of ceramics in colorful overglaze enamels.
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