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ryuuzou@—§‘œ
KEY WORD :@art history / sculptures
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Also read ritsuzou. A Buddhist image which is standing, as opposed to seated (see *zazou ¿‘œ). Most standing images stand up straight chokuritsu ’¼—§ in a natural manner, but there are some variations. The bronze sculptures of bodhisattvas *bosatsu •ìŽF, *Nikkou Gakkou “úŒõEŒŽŒõ at Yakushiji –òŽtŽ› in Nara, for example, stand in a relaxed position with most of the weight shifted onto one leg. The straight leg with the weight is called rikkyaku —§‹r, and the bent leg without the weight is called yuukyaku —V‹r. Attendants of *Amida ˆ¢–í‘É in the raigou —ˆŒ} composition (see *raigou-zu —ˆŒ}}) which have their knees bent forward are considered to be standing images called jiritsu Ž˜—§. The bodhisattvas *Kannon ŠÏ‰¹ and *Seishi ¨ŽŠ in the wooden Amida triad *Amida sanzon ˆ¢–í‘ÉŽO‘¸ from Shourenji Â˜@Ž› (1295) in Kumamoto prefecture, are the best known examples of ryuuzou. *Zaou Gongen ‘ ‰¤Œ Œ» sculpted in wood in Nyoirinji ”@ˆÓ—ÖŽ› (1336) in Nara, has one leg raised in a stamping or running position jaritsu Ž×—§. A walking image *gyouzou s‘œ as typified by *kinhinzou Œos‘œ, is also considered to be a type of ryuuzou and is contemplated during Buddhist meditation .
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