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rikuhou@˜Z–@
KEY WORD :@art history / paintings
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The six Canons or Principles thought to be essential for the appreciation of Chinese painting. They were set out in the Southern Ch'i period by Hsieh Ho (Jp: Sha Kaku ŽÓŠq) in his Ku Hua P'in Lu (Jp: KOGAHINROKU ŒÃ‰æ•i˜^, Record of the Classification of Painters), published c. 500. The author states that he simply transmits certain ideas that already existed at the heart of Chinese painting, but the terms in which he expressed them were accepted by his and following generations and became the general foundation for Chinese art-criticism.
The translation into English of these four-character phrases presents problems of interpretation, but scholars generally agree on the following: 1) ki-in seiou ‹C‰C¶“® (spirit resonance) --circulation of the Ch'i (breath, spirit, vital force of heaven) produces movement of life; 2) koppou youhitsu œ–@—p•M (bone manner) --the brush creates structure; 3)oubutsu zoukei ‰ž•¨ÛŒ` (conform with the objects to give likeness) --form is drawn according to the object; 4) zuirui fusai —Þ•ŠÊ (apply the colors according to the characteristics) --color is applied according to the nature of the object; 5) keiei ichi Œo‰cˆÊ’u (plan and design, place and position) --composition should be organized with the elements in their proper places (see *fukyoku •z‹Ç); 6) den'i mosha “`ˆÚ–ÍŽÊ (transmit models by drawing) --seek to pass on the essence of the master's brush methods by copying.
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NOTES
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(C)2001 Japanese Architecture and Art Net Users System.@No reproduction or republication without written permission.
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