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ougi@î
KEY WORD :@art history / paintings
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A fan used to cool or for ceremonial purposes. Generally the same as sensu îŽq, although ougi generally refers to a larger type of folding fan. The fan tradition was introduced to Japan in the early 6c from China through Korea, where flat, stiff fans *uchiwa ’cî, were employed. Folding fans were invented by the Japanese in the 7c These fans, hi-ougi •Oî, were commonly made of 20 to 30 thin, flat pieces of cypress wood fastened together. From the Heian period on, fans were traditionally carried by both male and female courtiers. Another type of fan, kawahori åžå•, was made of bamboo or wooden frames covered with paper or silk. This fan-name uses the characters for "bat" koumori åžå• because when unfolded, the fans resemble the outspread wings of this creature. During the Kamakura and Muromachi periods, the warrior class carried fans when dressed in formal or court attire, and although the hi-ougi was still employed by aristocrats on occasions of court ceremony, the kawahori became more universally popular. Fan decoration is an art unique to Japan. See *senmenga î–ʉæ. A variety of materials may be used--designs and paintings in both ink and colored pigments, calligraphy, mica, gold and silver leaf. Often the ribs of the fan are made of beautifully scented wood or are perfumed. Various games with fans developed during the Heian period, such as ougi-eawase îŠG‡, fan competitions, and ouginagashi î—¬‚µ, floating fans on water. Fans also accompany actors in traditional *nou ”\ theater perfomances, during the tea ceremony *chanoyu ’ƒ“’, and are often exchanged as gifts.
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(C)2001 Japanese Architecture and Art Net Users System.@No reproduction or republication without written permission.
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