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ooakujou@‘别ˆÑ
KEY WORD :@art history / sculptures
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Also akujou ˆ«ˆÑ.@A noh mask *noumen ”\–Ê representing a strong, fierce old man. Larger than most noumen and *kijinmen ‹S_–Ê, ooakujou has a prominent, slightly hooked nose and metallic eyes that glare out from under a heavy ridge forming the eyebrow. Sharp tension-furrows line the area above the eyes and on the Kanze ŠÏ¢ school model mask honmen –{–Ê, veins protrude in the middle of the forehead. The leering mouth exposes upper and lower teeth and a curled, red tongue. Implanted hair for moustache and beard lend the mask a strange realism. Compared to the menacing look of the Kanze school model, the Houshou •ó¶ school version appears less threatening. The former is dark, with vermilion lining the furrows on the brow and cheeks, while the latter is painted off-yellow, with faint red in the furrows. While the Kanze mask is topped by a black line, the Houshou school mask has alternating black and white strands of hair drawn in at the sides imitative of the implanted hair on old men's masks *joumen ˆÑ–Ê. Deep creases are also found around the mouth, running vertically down the cheeks. Individual hairs painted in white and black form the eyebrows and the entire mask is painted in an earthy tan. Worn for roles of frightening spirits and strong gods in TAMANOI ‹Êˆä, NANIWA “ï”g, KOI-NO-OMONI —öd‰×, and CHOURYOU ’£—Ç. In addition to the Kanze and Houshou model masks (both Important Cultural Properties), other Muromachi period examples of ooakujou include both Kanze (private collection, Tokyo) and Houshou (Danzan Jinja ’kŽR_ŽÐ, Nara) styles as well as unorthodox forms. A version painted entirely in gold is called dei-no-ooakujou “D‘别ˆÑ.
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