|KEY WORD : architecture / aristocratic dwellings, folk dwellings|
| 1 A
general term for the final or innermost room of a *shoin
書院 style reception suite.
2 In vernacular houses *minka 民家 of the Edo period in parts of Touhoku 東北 and the Kantou 関東, Toyama, Ishikawa, and Kagawa prefectures, and Kyoto district, the room furthest from the earthfloored area *doma 土間 in the rear part of a *hirairi 平入, house. It was a formal reception room equipped with a decorative alcove *tokonoma 床の間. Alternatively called *oku 奥, oku-no-ma 奥の間, oku-no-dei 奥の出居.
3 In vernacular townhouses *machiya 町家 of the Edo period in Kyoto and Nara, a room at the rear of the house overlooking the garden. Equipped with a tokonoma, it served as a formal reception room and often as a sleeping room shinshitsu 寝室 for elderly dependents. Also called *oku 奥.
4 A formal reception room to the rear of the shop *mise 店 in machiya in the vincinity of Kanazawa 金沢 in Ishikawa prefecture.
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