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nikki-e@“ú‹LŠG
KEY WORD :@art history / paintings
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Illustrations of a diary or an illustrated diary. Diaries of high literary value or writings in the form of diaries occupy an important place in Japanese literature. Diaries in the Heian period came to be written in the Japanese kana ‰¼–¼ syllabary which was initially used mainly by court women instead of in the Japanese form of Chinese, kanbun Š¿•¶. Personal feelings and emotions could be expressed more freely in kana which was closer to spoken language than in the formal kanbun which had long been used for official records. 1 Nikki-e may originally have meant sketches in a diary or pictures painted in a diary by the diarist him/herself. GENJI MONOGATARI Œ¹Ž•¨Œê (The Tale of Genji) mentions, for example, that the hero, Genji Œ¹Ž, wrote a diary when he was exiled along the coast at *Suma {– which he illustrated and later displayed to acclaim when he was recalled to court. 2 Nikki-e generally refers to the several Heian diaries that were illustrated and made into handscrolls and booklet sets to be appreciated just like illustrated tales, monogatari-e •¨ŒêŠG. Some diaries were apparently illustrated soon after they were made public. An anthology by the priest Ekei ŒbŒc (active mid-10c) makes note of the illustrations of a copy of TOSA NIKKI “y²“ú‹L (The Tosa Diary), the earliest extant diary in kana syllabary, written ca. 935 by Ki no Tsurayuki ‹IŠÑ”V (ca. 868-ca. 945) in the disguised voice of a woman. A famous extant example of nikki-e is The Diary of Lady Murasaki, Murasaki Shikibu Nikki Emaki Ž‡Ž®•”“ú‹LŠGŠª (13c) originally a handscroll set and now divided among the Fujita “¡“c Art Museum, Gotou ŒÜ“‡ Art Museum, Tokugawa Reimeikai “¿ìêt–¾‰ï and others. The diary itself was written around 1010 by Lady Murasaki *Murasaki Shikibu Ž‡Ž®•”, the author of The Tale of Genji.
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(C)2001 Japanese Architecture and Art Net Users System.@No reproduction or republication without written permission.
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