nedoko 寝床
KEY WORD : architecture / folk dwellings
Also *nema 寝間, *nando 納戸, *heya 部屋, *choudai 帳台.

1 A platform or mat on which to sleep.

2 In vernacular houses *minka 民家 of the Edo period, a term for an enclosed room used for sleeping and often for the storage of personal belongings. Precise position varied according to the area, but in general it was a room or rooms at the rear of the house beyond the main everyday living room. The term nedoko was used in Aomori, Akita, Fukushima, Yamanashi, Aichi, Fuchi, Fukui, Fukuoka and Saga prefectures. In practice, however, it is probable that this was often a colloquial abbreviation of nedokoro 寝所.

3 A one or two story ancillary structure of earth-coated wood *nuriya-zukuri 塗屋造, found in farmhouses nouka 農家, engaged in the manufacture of indigo *ai 藍. Used in the Yoshino 吉野 River, basin area of Tokushima prefecture in the Edo period. The windows were relatively small, and the building generally had a double door. Adjoining the nedoko there was often *tatami 畳 floored office room. The indigo leaves were fermented on a bed of alternating clay and sand overlain with rice chaff, wheat straw and matting, called ai-nedoko 藍寝床. After the indigo leaves were laid on the ai-nedoko, water was added every seven days. The ai-nedoko had to be rebuilt every three years or so. The details of ai-nedoko construction varied from manufacturer to manufacturer, and were a closely guarded secret, since they were considered to be the key to successful indigo production.


(C)2001 Japanese Architecture and Art Net Users System. No reproduction or republication without written permission.