|KEY WORD : architecture / tea houses, folk dwellings|
| 1 Also
台目柱. A small pillar which stands at the front edge of the host's mat *temaedatami
点前畳, at the corner of the hearth *ro
炉, in a tea ceremony room *chashitsu 茶室. Found in the arrangement known as *daimegiri
台目切 or *mukougiri
向切. The pillar is wooden, often of red pine akamatsu 赤松, chinquapin shii 椎, cedar sugi 杉,
bamboo take 竹, cherry sakura 桜 or camellia tsubaki 椿. On some pillars the bark is
retained, whilst others are worked with an adze to give variety to the surface.
A crooked piece of wood is usually chosen, often bent in a bow shape. The
nakabashira is therefore also known as the curved pillar *magaribashira
曲柱 or crooked pillar *yugamibashira
歪柱. At about the point where the post curves, about 60cm from the bottom,
a stalk of bamboo or wood is inserted, and the area above this is enclosed
to form a side wall *sodekabe
袖壁. The lower part remains open. A so-called a bag hanging nail *fukurokakekugi
袋掛釘, is hammered into the nakabashira and a hanging shelf *tsuridana
釣棚, is hung on this nail, facing the host's mat. The invention of the nakabashira
is attributed to Sen Rikyuu 千利休 (1522-91). A good example can be seen in
the Houan 蓬庵, Myoushinji Tenkyuuin 妙心寺天球院 (1856), Kyoto.
2 Another name for the main pillar *daikokubashira 大黒柱, in vernacular dwellings *minka 民家, on the Oga 男鹿 peninsular in Akita prefecture.
3 The inner pillars of a building as opposed to the outer pillars, sotogawabashira 外側柱, that are placed on the perimeter of a structure.
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