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Momoyama jidai@R
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Also Azuchi-momoyama jidai yR. Lit. peach mountain period. The Momoyama period (1568-1615) during which Japan was gradually unified under the two powerful warlords, Oda Nobunaga DcM (1534-82) and Toyotomi Hideyoshi LbGg (1536-98). Its name stems from Hideyoshi's residence at Fushimi , where, after his death, many peach, momo trees were planted. Azuchi y, often included by political historians, was the location of Nobunaga's residence on the shores of Lake Biwa i. 1568 is the date of Nobunga's entrance into Kyoto as pacifier of the warfare which had ravaged the country. A beginning date of 1573, the abdication date of the last shogun, Ashikaga Yoshiaki ` (1537-97), is also sometimes given. Alternate end dates include 1600 ; the battle of Sekigahara փ and 1603 ; Tokugawa Ieyasu ƍN (1542-1616) is declared the first Tokugawa shogun. 1615 marks the Summer Osaka Campaign, Osaka natsu no jin Ă̐w at which the military might and political influence of the Toyotomi were finally destroyed. The period is known for gorgeous and magnificent artistic and architectural achievements carried out under the two unifiers (see *kinpeki shouhekiga ɏlj), as well as the influence of Europe under the Portuguese. Boldly decorated large-scale surfaces in bright opaque pigments *dami-e ZG on a background of gold leaf, kinpeki or gold paint, kindei D were popular interior decorations for grand castles and shogunal residences. This style was pioneered by Kanou Eitoku i (1543-90), then furthered by other artists including Hasegawa Touhaku J쓙 (1539-1610), Kaihou Yuushou CkF (1533-1615), and Soutasu @B (?-1640). Genre painting, in the form of *rakuchuu rakugai-zu O} (paintings of scenes in and around Kyoto) became a major popular art form. Also included in genre painting are depictions of westerners in Japan (see *nanban-e ؊G).
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