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misedana-zukuri@Œ©¢’I‘¢
CATEGORY:@architecture / shrines
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Also written “X’I‘¢. Also dashimise-zukuri o‚µ“X‘¢. A very small shrine building, one bay wide, within the precincts of a larger shrine. Usually near the main sanctuary, *honden –{“a, it is characterized by the absence of front entrance steps leading to the doors of the sanctum. Usually the misedana-zukuri is 1 x 1 bay *ikkensha-zukuri ˆêŠÔŽÐ‘¢ (approx. 60cm~150cm), but some are 1 x 2 bays, nikensha “ñŠÔŽÐ, 1 x 3 bays, sangensha ŽOŠÔŽÐ, and at least one is 1 x 7 bays shichigensha ŽµŠÔŽÐ. Instead of the steps, a shelf, *tana ’I, is extended from approximately the level of the sanctuary itself to provide access to the shrine. These buildings usually have an elongated eave style gable, *nagare-zukuri —¬‘¢, and have front eaves that project considerably to give additional support. Examples are found at Hakusan Jinja ”’ŽR_ŽÐ, dated 1305, Nagano prefecture. The elongated eave is supported by posts that have boat-shaped brackets *funahijiki ‘D•I–Ø, and an eave purlin *dashieta oŒ…. At Nishina Shinmeiguu m‰È_–¾‹{, the misedana-zukuri has simple gable roofs *kirizuma yane ØÈ‰®ª, and for that reason no added support is necessary for the front eave. The shelf rests on extended tie beams that run from the rear posts to the front posts. Shrines in misedana style are placed on sills or footplates *dodai “y‘ä, usually with their ends extended. The use of footplates as a base for very small shrines may have existed before the method of sinking pillars directly into the ground *hottatebashira –x—§’Œ, or placing pillars on base stones. (See *mikoshiyadori Œä—`h). It is believed that like small shrines in the Kasuga style *kasuga-zukuri t“ú‘¢, misedana-zukuri shrines may have rested on footplates so that they could be transferred easily to a different location. In any case, such small shrines, especially those constructed on footplates, would have been an ideal place in which to house a deity who was believed to be among the people for only a short time during a festival. Examples include: Ookuwamura Hakusan Jinja Honden ‘åŒK‘º”’ŽR_ŽÐ–{“a, Nagano prefecture; Nishina Shinmeiguu Keidaisha m‰È_–¾‹{‹«“àŽÐ, Nagano prefecture; Hakusan Jinja Honden ”’ŽR_ŽÐ–{“a (1334); 1 x 1 bay, Nagano prefecture; Nishikiori Jinja Sessha Tenjinsha Honden ‹ÑD_ŽÐÛŽÐ“V_ŽÐ–{“a, Osaka (1363); Kongoubuji Sannouin Honden Souja ‹à„•õŽ›ŽR‰¤‰@–{“a‘ŽÐ, Wakayama prefecture (after 1523). 3~1 bays with 1- bay deepperipheral area *hisashi ›ù, across the front forming the shelf, and Nanguu Jinja Sessha Shichiouji Jinja Honden “ì‹{_ŽÐÛŽÐŽµ‰¤Žq_ŽÐ–{“a, Gifu prefecture (1642), 7 x 1 bays. See * senzasai ‘JÀÕ.
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Ujigami Jinja Itsukushimanoyashiro ‰FŽ¡ã_ŽÐŒµ“‡ŽÐ (Kyoto)
*kasuga-zukuri typeF
Ujigami Jinja Itsukushimanoyashiro
‰FŽ¡ã_ŽÐŒµ“‡ŽÐ (Kyoto)
Kamo Wake Ikazuchi Jinja Hashimotonoyashiro  ‰ê–Εʗ‹_ŽÐ‹´–{ŽÐ (Kyoto)
*nagare-zukuri typeF
Kamo Wake Ikazuchi Jinja Hashimotonoyashiro
‰ê–Εʗ‹_ŽÐ‹´–{ŽÐ (Kyoto)

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(C)2001 Japanese Architecture and Art Net Users System.@No reproduction or republication without written permission.
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