|KEY WORD : art history / paintings|
|Originally, professionals who hand-copied sutras in the Nara period. Later the appellation referred to artisans who mounted those sutras into handscrolls *kansubon 巻子本. During the Heian period when hanging scrolls *kakemono 掛物 appeared, kyouji worked on hanging scrolls as well as handscrolls. After the Kamakura period, those who mounted hanging scrolls were often called hyouaishi 表はい師 and kyouji was primarily used to refer to hyougushi 表具師 (mounters; see *hyougu 表具, which is the preferred term today, who work on all kinds of mountings for painting including handscrolls, hanging scrolls, albums and screens.|
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