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Kuuya@
KEY WORD :@art history / iconography
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An abbreviation of Kuuya Shounin l or Saint Kuuya (903-72), the monk responsible for the spread of Pure Land Buddhism, Joudokyou y among commoners in the Heian period. Born into the imperial family, but of a non-Fujiwara mother, he became a monk at Kokubunji in Owari (Aichi prefecture). In 948 he received a Tendai V ordination at Mt. Hiei b. In the following year he began fourteen years of travel throughout Kyoto and the countryside doing good works and practicing a type of chanting using song and dance odorinenbutsu xO. Popularly known as Ichi no Hijiri s (Sage of the people) and Amida Hijiri ɐ (Sage of Amida). In 963 he finished copying the NINNOU HANNYAKYOU mʎo (Prajnaparamita Sutra) in gold ink, and held a dedication on the banks of the Kamo River. With donations solicited from this event, he built Saikouji (also known as Rokuharamitsuji Zg) in Kyoto. Kuuya's image is preserved there in an imaginary portrait sculpture made in the 13c by Koushou N (fl.1ate 12c-early 13c), the fourth son of Unkei ^c (1151-1223). The wood sculpture shows Kuuya chanting the nenbutsu O which is represented by the six miniature images of *Amida coming out of his mouth. Kuuya holds a staff and gong, used to beat out the rhythm of the odorinenbutsu.
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