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kougou@‡
KEY WORD :@art history / crafts
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Incense containers. Also called koubako ” . Small, lidded containers usually made of lacquer or ceramic, and sometimes wood, shell or metal, for storing the aromatic wood burned as incense. Kougou are considered tea utensils because the incense chips koboku –Ø and pastille nerikou —û are fed into the charcoal ashes used to heat the kettle. Kougou were also displayed on kobukusa ŒÃåÞŽÑ (small cloth wrappers) or kamikamashiki Ž†Š˜•~ (paper kettle-rest) in waiting rooms *machiai ‘ҍ‡ or *shoin ‘‰@ style tearooms. The early taste for Chinese wares was usurped when Korean and native wares were integrated into the tea ceremony; they are classified as *wamono ˜a•¨ or *karamono “‚•¨, depending on the country where they were produced. kougou are of three general types: royou ˜F—p (for the sunken hearth in winter), furoyou •—˜F—p (for the portable brazier in summer) and roEfuro kenyou ˜FE•—˜FŒ“—p (for all seasons). Royou kougou are made in a great variety of foreign and domestic styles. The 1855 KATAMONO KOUGOU ICHIRAN Œ`•¨‡ˆê—— (List of cast ceramic incense containers) lists Koushi Œðæä (Tonkin), *sometsuke õ•t and *seiji ÂŽ¥ among Chinese the ceramics used, and *rakuyaki ŠyÄ, Ninsei m´, *shinoyaki Žu–ìÄ, *oribeyaki D•”Ä, *igayaki ˆÉ‰êÄ, and *shigarakiyaki MŠyÄ among the Japanese. For furoyou, red lacquer carving, tsuishu ‘ÍŽé, cunxing zonsei ‘¶¯, bracken-curls guri ‹ü—˜, and mother-of-peral inlay *raden —†çí were poular for karamono, and gold and silver powder *makie ŽªŠG, kamakura carving kamakurabori Š™‘q’¤, and papier-mache lacquerwork, ikkanbari ˆêŠÕ’£ were common among wamono-style pieces. For ro and furo kougou, clam hiougigai žwîŠL (fan shell), sahari »’£ and cloisonne were popular. Kougou should not be confused with *kouro ˜F or incense burners.
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NOTES
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(C)2001 Japanese Architecture and Art Net Users System.@No reproduction or republication without written permission.
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