@
Kitayama bunka@–kŽR•Ά‰»
CATEGORY:@art history / general terms
@
Lit. north mountain culture. The culture of the early Muromachi period *Muromachi jidai ŽΊ’¬Žž‘γ, specifically during the rule of the third shogun@Ashikaga Yoshimitsu ‘«—˜‹`–ž, from 1367(8) to 1408. It is named for the area of Kitayama –kŽR, north of Kyoto, to which Yoshimitsu retired in 1395 and where he built his famous Golden Pavilion, Kinkakuji ‹ΰŠtŽ›. This villa became an important cultural center. Yoshimitsu encouraged the development of the arts, notably *nou ”\ drama and linked verse renga ˜A‰Μ. The Ami family *Amiha ˆ’–ν”h, Nouami ”\ˆ’–ν (1397-1471), Geiami Œ|ˆ’–ν(1431-85) and Souami ‘Šˆ’–ν(1455-1525) became advisors and curators *douboushuu “―•όO of the Shogun's art collection. They produced a catalogue of the Chinese paintings in the collection and wrote the first art criticism in Japan *KUNDAIKAN SOUCHOUKI ŒN‘δŠΟΆ‰E’ ‹L. In addition they were painters who based their style on the Southern Song painters Ma Yuan (Jp: Ba En@”n‰“) and Xia Gui (Jp: Ka Kei@‰ΔŒ]). Some sources begin this period with the establishment of the Kinkakuji in 1397 and end it in 1441 with the death of the sixth shogun Ashikaga Yoshinori ‘«—˜‹`‹³ (1394-1441). During the period, Chinese contacts were increased and Zen ‘T Buddhism gained influence, strongly affecting aesthetic culture.
@
@

@
REFERENCES:
*Higashiyama bunka “ŒŽR•Ά‰», *chanoyu ’ƒ“’
EXTERNAL LINKS: 
@@
NOTES
@

(C)2001 Japanese Architecture and Art Net Users System.@No reproduction or republication without written permission.
ŒfΪ‚ΜƒeƒLƒXƒgEŽΚ^EƒCƒ‰ƒXƒg‚ȂǁA‘S‚Δ‚ΜƒRƒ“ƒeƒ“ƒc‚Μ–³’f•‘»E“]Ϊ‚π‹Φ‚Ά‚ά‚·B
@