Kihakuken 既白軒
KEY WORD : architecture / tea houses
A tea ceremony room *chashitsu 茶室, at Myoushinji Keishun-in 妙心寺桂春院 in Kyoto. It is said to have been the favorite of Fujimura Youken 藤村庸軒 (1613-99). It is a three mat room *daimegiri 台目切, with a middle post *nakabashira 中柱. In the period when this room was built, the drinking of tea was suppressed, and thus the room was dedicated to the principles of Zen 禅. However, in spite of the restrictions some people enjoyed tea secretly. Therefore it was built to circumvent its appearance as a tea ceremony room and could not be seen from the garden. This was done by constructing a small wall in front of the guest's entrance *nijiriguchi 躙口. The ceilings within this small tea ceremony room have different heights. The ceiling in front of the decorative alcove *tokonoma 床の間 is a board, with narrow splints attached *none-ita tenjou 野根板天井, with ceiling wood none 野根, that came from Kouchi prefecture. Above the hosts seat, temaeza 点前座, the ceiling is a dropped ceiling *ochitenjou 落天井. The rest of the ceiling is open to reveal the underside of the roof *keshouyane 化粧屋根.


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