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Katsukawaha@h
KEY WORD :@art history / paintings
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Lit. Katsukawa school. A school of *ukiyo-e G artists who specialized in the hand-painting *nikuhitsuga M of beautiful women *bijinga l and woodblock print portraits of popular *kabuki ̕ actors *yakusha-e ҊG and sumou wrestlers *sumou-e oG. The school can be traced back to Miyagawa Choushun {쒷t (1682-1752), one of the early ukiyo-e masters of bijinga. The Katsukawa school was established by Miyagawa Shunsui {t (fl early 18c), one of Choushun's disciples, after the systematic political oppression of the Kanou school *Kanouha h in favor of the Miyagawa school, Miyagawaha {h in 1750. Because Choushun's other disciples were arrested and banished and because Choushun died soon after the incident, Shunsui was forced to change the name of the school to Katsu-Miyagawa { and then Katsukawa. Shunsui's talented disciple, Katsukawa Shunshou t (1726-92), established the Katsukawa school. Unlike the stylized pictures of kabuki actors by *Toriiha h artists, Shunshun and his followers created a new style of actor portrait which expressed an actors' personality vividly. He and his disciple Shunkou tD (1743-1812) are usually associated with the creation of realistic portraits called *nigao-e G, as well as close-up views of actor's faces called *ookubi-e G and *oogao-e G. These styles became extremely popular and influential during the last three decades of 18c. Other well-known artists using these styles included Shun'ei tp (1762-1819) and Shunchou t. Katsushika Hokusai k (1760-1849), then named Katsukawa Shun'ou tN, also studied under Shunshou but then left the school to become an independent artist. In around 1800, *Utagawaha ̐h artists dominated the actor portrait genre, and the Katsukawa school gradually faded, disappearing altogether by the 1840's.
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