|KEY WORD : art history / crafts|
| Also written 帷子. An unlined garment worn in summer
since the Heian period. For court nobles, it was woven with cotton, hemp or ramie.
Since the early Edo period, unlined *kosode
小袖 woven with cotton, hemp or ramie were also called katabira. Aristocratic
women wore katabira woven with *joufu
上布 from Echigo 越後 and Satsuma 薩摩 provinces (now Niigata and Kagoshima prefectures),
or narazarashi 奈良晒 (bleached cloth) and decorated with chayatsuji
茶屋辻 (indigo-dyed patterns and embroidery). Because the katabira were worn
in the summer, designs usually suggested coolness. The name katabira was
also used for the curtain hung from aristocrats' sleeping platforms *choudai
帳台 or cloth screen, kichou 几帳, made with raw silk for summer and glossed
silk for winter.
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