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kassen-zu@}
KEY WORD :@art history / paintings
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Lit. battle pictures. Edo period depictions of warfare from the 16c and early 17c as well as scenes from the wars of the 12c and 13c based on earlier illustrated handscrolls *emaki G. Most are screens painted to commemorate the battles which brought the Tokugawa family to power. Pictures of the battles of Nagashino (1575), Nagakute v(1584), and Sekigahara փ (1600) and the sieges of Oosaka (Oosaka-no-jin ̐w, 1614 and 1615) were all depicted on screens. Typical of the genre is the pair of screens of Sekigahara kassen-zu փ} (former Maeda Collection, early 17c) which show in minute detail the events of the battle. Although the attention given to an accurate depiction of the deployment of troops and placement of the camps serves a documentary function, the detail lavished on depictions of costumes, horses, and weapons suggests the theme is also a type of genre painting using warriors. Edo period kassen-zu derive from 12c and 13c scrolls that depict famous wars of the period. Representative examples include the Heiji (1159) disturbances captured in the three extant handscrolls of illustrated Tale of Heiji Heiji Monogatari Emaki G (Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, Seikadou Bunko ÉÓ Art Museum, Tokyo and Tokyo National Museum, late 13c-mid 14c) and the Mongol attacks of 1274 and 1281 depicted in the Repulse of Mongol Invasions Mouko Shuurai Emaki ֌ÏPG (Imperial Collection, 1293). By the late 16c, screen compositions, based on the earlier handscrolls, reproduced ancient battles on a large scale. The screens of Heiji Kassen-zu } (Museum of Modern Art, New York), Ichinotani Kassen-zu ̒J} (Chishaku-in qω@, kyoto), and Genpei Kassen-zu } (Akama Jinuu ԊԐ_{, Yamguchi prefecture), are notable examples.
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