|KEY WORD : art history / paintings|
| Lit. head carving. The title of the master engraver
and also of the engraving process by which the key block *omohan
主版 for a woodblock print *ukiyo-e
浮世絵 was created. The most vital part of the design of a woodblock print was generally
the face, particularly the hair, of a figure, and the engraving of this was entrusted
to a master engraver. The engraving of the bodies *doubori
胴彫 of ukiyo-e figures required less skill. In working from the block
copy *hanshita 版下 of
the design drawn by the artist, the engravers made numerous small modifications.
This was particularly true in the case of faces, where for example the line of
a nose would actually be carved only a fraction of the width it appeared in the
artist's drawing . Most difficult of all was the hair *kebori
毛彫. If the name of an engraver is recorded at all on a print, it is invariably
the name of the master who engraved the head.
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