|KEY WORD : architecture / castles|
| Multiple barriers *umadashi
馬出, erected or naturally occurring which serve to screen and protect a castle
entrance. These barriers were generally placed one in front of the other. When
a castle has no interior walled courtyard gate complex, multiple barriers are
erected in their place. These barriers included the ridges of mountain castles
and the cliffs of hill castles. A representative example is Konagaijou 小長井城, the
castle built by the Takeda 武田 Clan, in Oumi 近江 province, Shiga prefecture.
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