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Kariteimo@æd—œ’é•ê
KEY WORD :@art history / iconography
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The Japanese name of the Indian deity (Sk; Hariti), a protector of children who was the wife of Panchika. Her name was transliterated as Kariteimo or Karitei æd—˜’é, and translated as Kishimojin ‹SŽq•ê_ or Kangimo Š½Šì•ê, Aishimo ˆ¤Žq•ê. She is said originally of have been an evil deity who ate children. After the Buddha hid one of her five-hundred children and made her understand the suffering of a parent who had lost a child, the reformed Kariteimo embraced Buddhism. She was worshipped in monasteries as a protector of the faith and by the general public as a protector of children. She was also, along with the ten female rasetsunyo 㮙‹—, considered a protector of the Lotus Sutra HOKEKYOU –@‰ØŒo and may be painted along with them. Her iconography is based on the Dai Yakusha Nyo Kangimo narabini Aishi Joujuhou ‘å–ò³—Š½Šì•ê›óˆ¤Žq¬A–@. There are images of her from the late-Heian period. She is shown dressed in Song dynasty robes and holds a pomegranate in her right hand. She may cradle a child with her left arm and may appear with three, five, seven, or nine children. Examples of her appearance in art include a late-Heian painting in Daigoji ‘çŒíŽ›, Kyoto; a Kamakura period sculpture in Onjouji ‰€éŽ› (MiideraŽOˆäŽ›), Shiga prefecture; and a late-Heian to Kamakura periods sculpture in Toudaiji “Œ‘厛, Nara.
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(C)2001 Japanese Architecture and Art Net Users System.@No reproduction or republication without written permission.
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