|KEY WORD : architecture / folk dwellings|
| A structural
system found in small-scale, Edo period thatched farmhouses in the area
of Shiga prefecture north of Lake Biwa 琵琶, and in parts of Fukui prefecture.
The houses either had a three-room hall-type plan, hiromagata mimadori
広間型三間取, or a four-room plan, ta-no-jigata yonmadori 田の字型四間取. A large
principal post stood at the center of the living area, kyoshitsubu
居室部, where the partitions dividing the rooms met in the case of the three-room
plan or intersected in the case of the four-room plan. From this central
post, linking beams *tsunagibari 繋梁, spanned across to each of four
posts, located at each side of the house. The tsunagibari were therefore
exactly at right angles. The central post and the four side posts together
formed the basis of the structural frame *jikubu
軸部. Unusually, the corner posts performed only a secondary structural function.
The roof was of the principal-rafter type (see *sasu
扠首). The term karakasadate is believed to have been coined by a vernacular house
(C)2001 Japanese Architecture and Art Net Users System. No reproduction or republication without written permission.