kappitsu 渇筆
KEY WORD : art history / paintings
Ch: kebi. Lit. dry brush. Also koppitsu 枯筆 (withered brush) or sappitsu 擦筆 (rubbed brush). An ink painting technique in which a half-dry brush is applied to the surface of a piece of paper and slightly rubbed to give a rough, abraded appearance to the ink. In China, both Huang Kung-wang (Jp: Kou Koubou 黄公望, 1269-1354?) and Ni Tsan (Jp: Gei San 倪さん, 1301-74), late Yuan dynasty literati painters, employed this technique along with various other texture strokes in their ink landscape paintings. In Japan, this technique was popularly employed by early Zen 禅 priests, artists of the Kanou school *Kanouha 狩野派, and later, literati artists. A famous example of the dry brush technique is the 14c Four Sleepers hanging scroll Shisui-zu 四睡図 by Mokuan 黙庵 (Maeda Ikutokukai 前田育徳会, Tokyo).


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