|KEY WORD : art history / paintings|
| Also かっぱ摺 or kappaban かっぱ版; sometimes kouhan
孔版 or katagamizuri 型紙摺. A technique used to apply color to a monochrome
woodblock print sumizuri-e 墨摺絵. Paper stencils were used for each color
rather than additional printing blocks, as is the case with polychrome woodblock
prints *nishiki-e 錦絵.
Particularly used in the Osaka/Kyoto area, the stencil was made from thick paper
or several sheets of mino paper *minogami
美濃紙 stuck together and coated with persimmon tannin kakishibu 柿渋. Holes
were cut in the required places and then the stencil laid in the correct position
on top of a print on which the outlines of the design had already been printed
in black ink from a woodblock. A round-headed brush similar to a Japanese cosmetic
brush was then used to daub color directly through the hole in the stencil onto
the print. If the stencil was not cut or placed accurately, color would stray
over the edges of the woodblock-printed black outlines, but this was considered
to be one of the charms of the medium.
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