|KEY WORD : art history / paintings|
| Ch: guanputu.
A pictorial theme that features a scholar gazing at a waterfall. The theme
probably relates to the poem Ballad of Mt. Lu (Ch: Lushanyao, Jp: Rozanyou
廬山謡) by the Tang poet Li Bai (Jp:*Ri
Haku 李白,701-62) and is a variation on paintings of Li Bai Viewing a Waterfall
(Ch:Li Bai Guanpu-tu, Jp: Ri Haku kanbaku-zu 李白観瀑図). The image of an aged
scholar, often accompanied by a servant, gazing reverently at a cataract
dropping from a high cliff, is one of the clearest symbols of the literati
appreciation of and devotion to nature. Such depictions are well-known throughout
the later history of Chinese painting, and one of the earliest extant examples
is a landscape attributed to Li Tang (Jp: Ri Tou 李唐, early 12c) in Koutouin 高桐院,
Kyoto. In Japan, the theme was particularly popular in the Muromachi period and with painters of the Ami school *Amiha
阿弥派. Kanbaku-zu enjoyed a revival with the sinophile artists of the *nanga
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