|KEY WORD : architecture / castles|
is an earthen embankment constructed so that it cannot be invaded by an
enemy. It has the same meaning as *kuruwa
郭, a general term for a castle compound, but specifically refers to the
earthen embankment or earthworks *doi
土居, that surround a fortification, a residence, or the periphery of a town.
The term is used in many combinations: for example, a black earth embankment,
kurogamae 黒構, a high earthen embankment that does not allow views
of the buildings inside the castle; or sukigamae 透構, (also read sukashigamae),
an embankment that allows a view of the buildings inside the castle. The
総構 that surrounds an entire castle town *joukamachi
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