|KEY WORD : art history / paintings|
| Kaigetsudou school. A school of *ukiyo-e
浮世絵 artists in early 18c who specialized in the hand-painting *nikuhitsuga
肉筆画 of beautiful women *bijinga
美人画. The founder of the school, Kaigetsudou Ando 懐月堂安度 created a unique
style of painting women (mostly courtesans) according to which the subjects
stood in a "く"-shaped posture wearing gorgeous kimonos 着物. The figures
were characterized by bold brushstrokes with strong thick-and-thin accents
and bright colors (especially the primary colors) applied to the patterns
of the kimonos. No background or setting was depicted. The ladies
became so popular that they were called Kaigetsudou bijin 懐月堂美人 (Kaigetsudou
beauties), and were produced in large quantities in the Kaigetsudou studio.
The fact that the master usually collaborated with his disciples casts doubt
on the authenticity of works signed by the master. Among the many followers
of Ando, Anchi 安知 and Dohan 度繁 were the most talented. The disciples of
Ando sometimes worked on the woodblock print versions of the Kaigetsudou
beauties. Probably because Ando himself was exiled to an island for a period,
having been involved in a political scandal in 1714, the school lasted only
for a few decades, until about the mid-18c.
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