kagiya 鍵屋
KEY WORD : architecture / folk dwellings
Lit. key-shaped house. A widely used term for vernacular houses *minka 民家, of the Edo period with an L-shaped plan. In parts of Niigata, Chiba and Miyagi prefectures, it is used interchangeably with *magariya 曲り屋 for thatched farmhouses with a projection containing a stable or storage space at the front of the earth-floored *doma 土間 at the lower *shimote 下手 end of the house. In Ooita prefecture, likewise it refers to a thatched house type with an unfloored workspace or stable projecting at the front of the doma. In parts of Tochigi and Fukuoka prefectures, by contrast, the projecting element is usually a reception room *zashiki 座敷, and is located at the upper *kamite 上手 end of the house. In Fukuoka prefecture, the term is applied to houses where the projection is a back chamber *nando 納戸 or room *heya 部屋 at the rear of the living area, kyoshitsubu 居室部. In Kumamoto prefecture, it refers to houses comprising doma and kyoshitsubu joined to make either an L or a Z-shaped plan. Theseare houses often narrow; about 2.5 *ken 間 (approximately 5m) in cross section


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