|KEY WORD : art history / paintings|
| Also called *kaiga
界画. A line drawing technique where a straight edge or drafting tool is employed
as an aid in drawing precise, straight lines for architectural structures and
furniture. These lines are usually drawn by holding two brushes together, one
upside down, and then running the tip of this brush along a groove in the ruler
while drawing the line with the inked brush. The technique is also called mizobiki
溝引き (pulling along a groove). A trained hand can vary the pressure on the
brush to produce thick or thin lines. Parallel lines are produced by slightly
moving the position of the straight edge. In Japan, fine examples of this technique
may be seen in handscrolls from the Kamakura period. In China, the early Northern-Sung
painter Guo Zhong-shu 郭忠恕 is famous for his use of the technique.
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